Рембрандт. Штормовой пейзаж. Часть 4

Очередная утрата лишь закалила дух мастера. Ничто не могло заставить его бросить живопись. Его картины этого периода засверкали яркими красками, как, например, полотно «Еврейская невеста».

В автопортретах художника видно, что для него пришло время подведения итогов земного существования, он чувствует неуклонное приближение смерти. На одном из автопортретов Рембрандт изобразил себя весело смеющимся, но это смех человека, который прожил длинную жизнь и оставил позади всю мирскую суету.

Но перед смертью Рембрандту предстояло еще раз испить горькую чашу. Как когда то он видел приближавшуюся кончину Саскии, а затем и Хендрикье, он снова увидел тень смерти на лице Титуса. Болезнь долгое время точила его тело. Рембрандт был полон мрачных предчувствий. Именно в таком настроении им был написан последний портрет сына. Титус умер в 1663 г., через 7 месяцев после женитьбы. Его дочь осталась сиротой, еще не родившись.

Из всей семьи Рембрандта в живых осталась лишь его незаконнорожденная дочь Корнелия. Став взрослой женщиной, она переехала жить в голландскую колонию на острове Ява. Она вышла замуж, а двоих детей назвала Рембрандтом и Хендрикье.

На одном из рисунков Рембрандта изображена амстердамская церковь Вестеркерк, которая была построена при жизни художника в стиле голландского классицизма. Рембрандт был прихожанином этой церкви, в ней же он и обрел свое последнее пристанище 8 октября 1669 г. Здесь же похоронены Титус и его жена.

Одно из последних полотен Рембрандта «Возвращение блудного сына» стало своеобразным итогом его жизни. В этой картине художник вновь обратился к Богу и обрел вечный покой.

Один из философов во времена Рембрандта сказал: «Сердце наделено своей логикой, каковая неведома рассудку. Мы ощущаем ее в тысячах предметов… Это сердце познает Бога, а не рассудок. Следовательно, суть веры такова: сие есть Бог, ощущаемый сердцем, а не рассудком».

Рембрандт на протяжении всей своей жизни не изменял ни вере, ни своей преданности искусству. Все это он сумел выразить в своих гениальных произведениях.

Дом художника в Амстердаме, где он провел счастливейшие дни своей жизни и где познал горечь утрат, сохранился до наших дней. Новый владелец лишь надстроил еще один этаж. В 1911 г. правительство Нидерландов учредило в этом особняке музей Рембрандта, великого голландского художника.

Здесь воссоздана обстановка жилых комнат и мастерской гения, хранятся его полотна. Кроме того, коллекция картин Рембрандта составляет гордость Государственного музея Амстердама Рейксмузеум. Полотна мастера украшают залы многих музеев мира, а его рисунки и офорты хранятся в Национальной Парижской библиотеке и Моргановской библиотеке Нью Йорка.



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