Рембрандт. Саския, 1633

Рембрандт. Саския, 1633

Рисунок поражает своей удивительной изысканностью. Рембрандт создал его с помощью серебряного карандаша, которым пользовался крайне редко, так как техника работы этим инструментом считается одной из самых сложных в живописи.

На специально подготовленную поверхность тонкого пергамента художник наносит рисунок тонким серебряным стилем. Любые исправления недопустимы. Достаточно одного или двух неточных штрихов, и работа будет загублена.

Рембрандт не сделал ни одного промаха, создав портрет на едином дыхании. Каждая линия на рисунке свидетельствует не только о его мастерстве, но и о страстной любви к невесте.

В 1634 г. Рембрандт и Саския ван Эйленбург стали супругами. Большое приданое невесты и ее связи открыли Рембрандту двери в высшие круги амстердамского общества, до той поры закрытые для него. Спрос на его картины все возрастал. Жизнь и творчество Рембрандта в этом периоде были отмечены таким вдохновением, какого не бывало у него ни прежде, ни впоследствии.

После женитьбы Рембрандтом овладела еще одна страсть – коллекционирование. Согласно свидетельству Бальдинуччи, Рембрандт на любом аукционе «с самого начала так взвинчивал ставки, что никто другой и не пытался их перебить; а еще он говорил, что поступает подобным образом, дабы подчеркнуть достоинство своего ремесла».

Многие из работ, написанные Рембрандтом в зрелом возрасте, были созданы в фешенебельном особняке в Амстердаме. Дом супруги купили спустя 5 лет после свадьбы, когда художнику было 33 года.

В 1640 г. для Рембрандта наступил такой момент в жизни, когда он решил пристально взглянуть на себя со стороны. Все, что он увидел, отразилось в автопортрете. Во взгляде живописца появилось задумчивое, слегка вопросительное выражение и угадываются духовные искания.

Со времен жизни в Лейдене Рембрандт прошел долгий путь, став весьма почтенным человеком, востребованным амстердамским художником, проживавшим в большом красивом доме и вращавшимся в высших кругах общества. Тем не менее по его лицу на автопортрете можно прочесть, что слава для Рембрандта уже утратила свое очарование, он пресыщен ею.

Известно, что Рембрандт без восторга относился к амстердамскому высшему обществу. Ему не нравились конформизм и ханжество голландцев, отождествлявших финансовый успех с добродетелью. Сам же художник не был избалован жизнью. Он слыл весьма сдержанным человеком с умеренными жизненными запросами.

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