Дом семьи Франк

Дом семьи Франк

На Франков донесли и 4 августа 1944 г. Эсэсовцы ворвались в дом и, пройдя через передний флигель, остановились перед стеллажом с бухгалтерскими книгами, за которым скрывалась дверь в убежище. Всех вывели из дома и увезли в концентрационный лагерь. При аресте из портфеля Отто Франка эсэсовцы выбросили его личные вещи и приказали собрать туда все самое ценное, что было в доме. Среди выброшенной одежды был дневник его тринадцатилетней дочери Анны.

Анна была отправлена в концлагерь Берген Бельзен, и умерла от тифа, совсем немного не дожив до конца войны. Отто один из всех пережил ужас концлагерей и после освобождения города вернулся в дом.

Дневник Анны уцелел и был возвращен Франку. Вскоре он попал в руки голландского историка Ромейна, который напечатал в газете «Парол» статью «Голос ребенка». С этого момента весь мир узнал о дневнике Анны Франк.

Памятник Анне Франк

В 1947 г. в Голландии вышла книга «Задний флигель», которая была переведена на 55 языков мира и вышла многомиллионным тиражом. До 1957 г. задний флигель пакгауза Франков оставался пустым. В стране был создан фонд Анны Франк, который использовал поступавшие на его счет средства для организации музея в заднем флигеле дома склада. Ежедневно в нем бывает от 3 до 5 тыс. посетителей. В комнате Анны – фотографии знаменитых киноартистов довоенного времени, вырезки с изображениями кошек и рекламных красоток. Девичья комната в полной мере дает представление об интересах ее обитательницы.

В годы Второй мировой войны десятки амстердамских еврейских семей скрывались в потайных убежищах. Это было доступно далеко не всем, так как для создания запаса продовольствия и одежды нужны были немалые средства. Кроме того, надо было платить тем, кто, рискуя жизнью, помогал евреям.

Самым страшным для скрывавшихся оказалось вынужденное безделье. Наверное поэтому многие из этих людей вели дневниковые записи. Теперь этот специфический литературный жанр называют «еврейский дневник». Во всех дневниках мысли вращаются по замкнутому кругу. Люди писали о невозможности подобного существования. Неровные строчки насквозь пропитаны страхом ареста и сводящим с ума однообразием жизни.

Всего в Амстердаме работает более 50 музеев, несколько театров, концертный зал и специально оборудованный зал для массовых представлений. Кроме того, в городе немало вузов и библиотек, а гордостью столицы являются два университета.

Среди амстердамских музеев следует особо отметить единственный в мире интерактивный музей науки и техники Немо. Его здание выполнено в форме тонущего корабля. Все изобретения и естественнонаучные открытия представлены в залах музея в виде опытов, игр и всевозможных многоходовых тестов для взрослых интеллектуалов. Детям младшего школьного возраста интересно демонстрируются основные законы физики, например такие, как принцип рычага и закон натяжения. В музее Немо ежегодно бывает не меньше посетителей, чем в знаменитом Рейксмузеуме.



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  6. — документа, обличающего нацизм и переведённого на многие языки мира. Эта книга сразу стала мировым бестселлером — не только из-за своей пронзительной интонации, но и главным образом потому, что сумела объединить в судьбе одной девочки миллионы человеческих трагедий, связанных с холокостом. Анна Франк и её семья считаются одними из самых известных жертв нацизма .

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  86. Обстановка музея передает детали быта, в которых просуществовала семья Франков на протяжении долгих двух лет. Наиболее ценный экспонат – это, конечно же, оригинальный дневник самой Анны.

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