Королева Беатрикс

Более 100 лет Соединенным Королевством Нидерландов правит женская рука. Правители крупных мировых держав научились считаться с этим фактом, так как власть королевы Беатрикс слабой назвать нельзя.

Королева Нидерландов Беатрикс

Личность королевы очень популярна у экономных, сдержанных и рассудительных голландцев. Такой всенародной любви, наверное, могла бы позавидовать и королева Великобритании Елизавета II. В Голландии портреты Беатрикс на каждом шагу.

Королева Беатрикс

На трон королева взошла 30 апреля 1980 г. Она немолода, позади уже 65 летний юбилей. А в 2005 г. в Голландии тихо отпраздновали еще один юбилей – 115 ю годовщину пребывания на троне царственных дам.

Тот факт, что Нидерландами правят женщины, лишил страну короны Люксембургского герцогства, так как там, согласно закону, невозможно наследование престола по женской линии.

В конце 1990 х гг. в Амстердаме проходила выставка, посвященная русской императрице Екатерине II. Рассказывая королеве Беатрикс об уникальных экспонатах выставки, ее организатор, Эрнст Веен, заметил, что золотая карета российской царицы на 200 лет старше кареты голландских монархов. Беатрикс в ответ на это довольно холодно произнесла: «Зато наша еще ездит».

И действительно, карета, созданная искусными мастерами к коронации королевы Вильгельмины еще 100 лет назад, до сих пор на ходу. Раз в году карета заменяет королеве служебный автомобиль, королевский поезд и правительственный самолет.

Происходит это в день торжественного открытия парламента. Королева проезжает по площади Бинненхоф. Каретой также пользуются на торжествах по случаю королевской свадьбы, что случается примерно раз в 30 лет.

Однако во времена великой русской императрицы в Нидерландах еще не было монархии, страной правили иноземные наместники, графы и штатгальтеры. Как уже говорилось, в Нидерландах своя королевская династия появилась лишь в 1815 г. Три Вильгельма сменились на голландском троне до 1890 г., а затем наступил черед женщин. После вдовствующей регентши, королевы матери Эммы, на престол вступила Вильгельмина. За время ее полувекового правления начались и окончились две мировые войны.

В 1948 г. она уступила место дочери, принцессе Юлиане, которая правила 32 года. Королева Юлиана согласилась признать независимость Суринама и Индонезии, бывших голландских колоний. После этого она отреклась от престола в пользу Беатрикс.



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