Государственная символика Нидерландов

Первым флагом стал триколор принца Оранского с оранжевой, белой и синей полосами. Время его появления историки относят к 1574 г. Тогда в Нидерландах шла борьба за независимость страны. Цвет верхней полосы в 1630 г. был изменен на красный и с тех пор не менялся.

Представители династии Оранских до сих пор находятся у власти, наверное, поэтому до середины XX в. над государственными учреждениями рядом с утвержденным правительством флагом поднимался королевский флаг с оранжевой полосой.

До момента объединения всех провинций Нидерландов в единое государство у каждой из них был собственный герб. Республика Соединенных Провинций тоже получила свой герб с изображением золотого льва, держащего в лапах серебряный меч и пучок стрел.

Государственный герб Нидерландов

Эта эмблема сохранилась до сих пор. Ее можно увидеть в центре государственного герба Нидерландов. Пучок стрел остался главным символом герба, выразившим силу объединившихся провинций.

Герб был модифицирован по инициативе принца консорта Генриха Мекленбург Шверинского, супруга королевы Вильгельмины, в 1917 г. Королевскую корону на голове льва сменила обычная корона. Рядом появились два льва, держащие щит и опирающиеся на ярко синюю ленту с золоченой надписью на ней «Je maintiendrai», что в переводе означает «Я буду владеть». Вся эмблема окутана сенью в виде горностаевой мантии с королевской короной.

Несмотря на то что в ведении современных голландских монархов осталось немного государственных функций, они обладают довольно широкими полномочиями, в отличие от большинства европейских монархов. Надо отметить, что в Нидерландах монархия по прежнему популярна.

Комментарии (26)

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  2. Черно-золотая гамма герба южных провинций сложилась еще во времена Нидерландской буржуазной революции. Особенно активно боролись с испанцами во Фландрии и Брабанте. Поэтому историческая символика этих земель воспринималась патриотически.

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